It does not sound like Nietzsche thinks the first philosophers were that great. Socrates, for one, may have been an ugly Greek, if he even be considered a Greek. He lacked wisdom and was a clown who succeeded at having men take him seriously. Socrates resorted to his last resort – language. He only did this because he was revengeful and because the whole world needed him. Yet, he managed to create a tyrant out of reason, from Plato onward came the principle Reason=Virtue=Happiness, according to Nietzsche this means imitate Socrates.
In the section titled “Morality as the Enemy of Nature” is he putting forth a solution as to what we should do concerning morality? The way morality is made out to be by the Christians, goes against what human nature is and any passion one has, there is a thou shalt or thou shalt not against it. He then says “The Twilight of the Idols is only a sort of “peace of the soul.”” So is he saying that if we want to be at peace, we should indulge in what our nature wants us to do? Which goes against morals as we know them? Is he suggesting, human nature is what should be considered moral?
Why yes, it has been years
6 months ago