Well...this is what I am getting from Nietzsche. Truth as we know it doesn't exist because we haven't attained anything close to it yet. Thus we must rethink our way of thinking that which we have been already been told to be true. To let go of the clutch, and instead of looking to be right all the time, we need to simply begin to think. The antithesis of things shows that truth is not a singularity but that there is truth in "fiction", there is good in "evil", there is life in "death", etc. Thus instead of thinking in terms of black-and-white we need to think anew and find the color.
Furthermore, we must recognize the antithesis within morality of 'good' and 'evil' (260). The lower class, the slaves or the ruled, has a morality of utility. They are mistrustful, skeptical, and believe themselves to be unhappy and long for freedom. The upper class, the high ranking or the rulers, have a morality of duty towards ones equals. They can act upon the lower class as their heart dictates 'beyond good and evil'. If the lower class were to moralize, Nietzsche states their morality would be based on a pessimistic mistrust and create everyone into the harmless man (good-natured, easily deceived, and, frankly, quite stupid (a regular Ned Flanders)). This he further calls an atavism and makes it clear is something we must avoid.
Nietzsche states that in the beginning nobles were the barbarian caste primarily because of their superior physical being (they were more complete human beings, or 'more complete beasts'). As time progressed, they began to learn about that which they benefited from and thus kept these attributes as virtues. Once these became unnecessary, thanks to the advances of society, they became luxuries. Individuality arises and soon they both (individuality and the virtuousness of the multitude, or universality) cannot live together.
We learn that just being mediocre is enough. He goes on to say that the true goal for society is to create itself so that the select species of being looking to perfect themselves can in fact raise themselves up to that end. He says that this "will to power" is inherent in all life (and with that it is also the "will to life"). We all have an urge to become greater and this can even be seen as the explanation for all human actions, and history as a whole. Even more we wish to acquire rank, to become noble.
If truth is a woman, then shouldn't our method of acquiring her be through thinking like men? (LOL indeed!) But this is what I was thinking about as I read Nietzsche's last chapter concerning What is Noble?. The Noble (what I got from what I understood of Nietzsche) is the manly-man who does what needs to be done, without emotion even, when they feel they can't, isn't afraid of anything (or at least doesn't let it appear so), and accepts that others depend on him. Very interesting Nietzsche is.
Why yes, it has been years
8 months ago