I really enjoyed the section in the book that talks about the rise of the Metakritik starting on page 19. If reason can criticize any of our beliefs, the book explains the possibility of a critique of those critiques, in a sense a meta-critique. It goes beyond this, by stating that nothing can be a good critique without allowing it's critique to be further criticized. If reason can critique itself then there must be a meta-critique of that critique. And a meta-meta-critique of that meta-critique, and so forth, in order for that criticism to be truly valid. Certainly then, nothing can be without a criticism. It makes sense for if something wishes to establish itself as something that is (without criticism) then it would no doubt be subjecting itself to right suspicion that it most likely isn't. (I know that sentence may not make as much sense as I thought it would when I wrote it, feel free to criticize.)
This section reminded me a lot of Descartes, and how he works to prove that everything can be doubted other than doubt itself. They seem to be working in different directions in order to establish found truth. Descartes works on basic principles, while Kant worked toward the most perfect form of criticism. If I can begin with the fact that everything can be doubted then I am already thinking critically about everything. And, if one thing can be criticized then that criticism can also be criticized in order that we use our reason to the best of our ability.
The part on "I am nothing" in page 28 seemed to establish this even further. It states that you are nothing, not in the sense that you are empty but in the fact that you are a "creative nothing". We live our lives crafting the world around us and the book states this feature makes us reach a level of godliness. The world is ours to create, not in the sense we can change the physical reality, but we can change our world through the process of living. Being a creative nothing, it is no wonder we can think rationally to try and establish truth. I think this leads to nihilism....but I will stop for now.
1 week ago